Diseases of the Kidney and its treatment

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Diseases of the Kidney and its treatment

Diseases of the Kidney 

Diseases of the Kidney - Kidney stone disease aka nephrolithiasis is a State when a hard material that resembles a stone formed in the kidneys. The material comes from the rest of the waste substances in the blood that are filtered by the kidneys that then settles and crystallizes over time.

On most issues, Kidney stone disease experienced by people aged 30-60 years. An estimated 10 percent of the women and 15 percent of men had experienced this condition as their fate.

Deposits of the stone in the kidney can be caused by food and other health issues aka underlying. Based on its kind, kidney stones are divided into four, namely calcium stones, stones of uric acid stones, struvite, and cystine stones.

Symptoms of kidney stones

Symptoms of kidney stones not normally impact would be felt if the Kidney stone sufferer-capacity is very small so it could be out of the body with a natural way through ureter with ease. The ureter is the channel that connects the kidneys to the bladder.
Symptoms of kidney stones can impact felt when the stone capacity is larger than the diameter of the channel of the ureter. A large stone would rub together with a layer of the wall of the ureter is so irritating and even cuts. Therefore, urine can sometimes contain blood. Not only irritate the ureter, kidney stones can also be trapped in the ureter aka urethra (channel end disposal of urine) so going accumulation bacteria and can cause swelling of the impact of the infection. Symptoms of a kidney stone that can occur when the stones below the ureters are a pain in the waist, tummy downstage aka crotch aside, and that can be accompanied by nausea.

While symptoms can be felt when experiencing Kidney stone sufferers of kidney infections in whom urine looks cloudy and foul-smelling, not limp, chills, and fever.

A diagnosis of kidney stones

In diagnosing kidney stones, usually, the first doctor would ask patients about the symptoms that had already experienced. The doctor may also ask if the patient had suffered from kidney stones before, have a family history of the same diseased, aka whether patients often consuming food aka supplements that can trigger the formation of kidney stones.
After the information is gathered, the physician usually would make a number of tests to strengthen the evidence. These tests can be an examination of urine, blood, and inspection scanning (like ultrasound, x-rays, CT scans, and intravenous urogram/IVU)

Treatment of kidney stones

Treatment of diseases of the kidney stones made of stone size against the hanging. When kidney stones remain including small aka intermediate and remained through the urinary tract without being obliged to do the surgery, doctors usually advise patients to designate drinking plain water only appropriate measure. With the teachings of the liquid by means of the more-desirable, kidney stones can be pushed out by itself. When the symptoms felt by the patient, usually a doctor bugging passable prescribe pain relief medications, like acetaminophen, ibuprofen aka nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Handling a kidney stone with special procedures (like with the energy of the laser, ultrasound, aka operation) is usually applied when new capacity would stone bigger so clog the patient's urinary tract.

Prevention of kidney stones

How to prevent kidney stones are actually quite simple. You just need to drink adequate water daily and limit consumption of food, drink, aka supplements containing substances that could potentially lead to the formation of kidney stones, a kind of astringent oxalic, calcium supplements, and animal protein.
Other than by drinking water and limit the intake of adequate substances, prevention of kidney stones can also be made with taking any medication prescribed by the doctor. Typically this step is recommended to prevent relapse for those who previously had suffered from kidney stones.

Symptoms Of Kidney Stones

Symptoms of kidney stones do not designate feels when the size of the stone is relatively small and can get out of the urinary tract in conjunction with urine smoothly.New symptoms can be felt when the stone is stuck in the kidneys, the stone is too large-capacity through the ureter, aka kidney stones cause infection.


The ureter is the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. These organs form resembling a tube with a sensitive network structure. When a large Kidney stone through the ureter, the stone was about to blow the walls of the ureter is so irritating and risk injuring. This is why sometimes the urine can contain blood. If the larger-capacity stone, the stone could be trapped in the ureter is so intrusive smoothness teachings of urine from the kidneys.


Symptoms of kidney stones are most common is pain that settled on the belly sidestage, backstage, the waist, crotch, aka even testicles (in males). Not only that, other symptoms of kidney stones that may exist are:
  • Increased frequency of urination and pain during urination.
  • The color of the urine looks cloudy and not flavorful. The color of a murky sort of tanned aka redness in the urine can be can be caused by the presence of bleeding when kidney stones through the urinary tract.
  • Nausea and vomiting can be accompanied.
  • Restless.
  • Hard rest because it's difficult to find a suitable position for them to make it.

A kidney stone stuck in ureter urine and make the teachings could not smoothly cause a buildup of dirt. This dirt buildup can cause breeding bacteria that could eventually have an impact on the kidney infection. If the kidney infection has occurred, then the symptoms that may be experienced sufferers is fever, the body felt limp, the body feels cold even to shiver, the urine looks cloudy and not tasty, flavorful, and diarrhea.

Causes Of Kidney Stones

Naturally, the kidneys clean the blood each day by filtering waste substances available in it next to discarded in the form of urine. Sometimes these substances is not simply applied too little compared to the liquid solvent as berkegunaaan so cannot be entirely wasted by the body and settles in the kidney. Other causes are kidney remainder of berkegunaaan materials prevent the deposition of crystals to clot forming stones.

Sedimentary rocks in the kidney could be due to other health issues aka food underlying. Based on constituent materials, kidney stones can be divided into four main types, namely calcium stones, stones of uric acid, ammonia (struvite), and cystine stones.

Calcium stones due to the high levels of calcium in the urine. This type of Kidney stone is the most common. High levels of calcium can cause hereditary cause hypercalciuria. This condition causes the sufferer releasing calcium that not a few in the urine. High levels of calcium can also be due to overactive parathyroid glands. This gland hormones produced still function set the amount of calcium in the blood.

The second is the uric acid stones. These rocks formed the impact of high levels of uric acid in the urine due to foods containing high purine. Examples of foods that trigger high uric acid is a shellfish, meat, and fish. Gout sufferers are also at high risk of forming stones of this type.

The third is a stone struvite. This is the type of kidney stones that can be formed and grew up quickly. Causes of absolute rock struvite is a urinary tract infection that has been running for long. This rock type is more often found in female patients than male patients.

The latest is cystine stones. Kidney stones formed impact too not least the cysteine amino acid secreted by the kidneys. Cystine stone is a type of Kidney stone that is rarely found. The condition is caused by a disease known as cystinuria. This disease affects the amount of the amino acid cystine in urine that is issued.

Besides the food and the underlying health condition, there are many other things that can trigger the onset of a kidney stone disease, among them:

  • No more drinking water white
  • Family health history
  • Are obese
  • Medications, like diuretics, aspirin, antibiotics, antacids, and antiepileptic drugs and various antiretroviral
  • Operating side effects to the digestive organs
  • When you've had to suffer from kidney stones, you have the opportunity to be exposed to the same conditions again. These are things trigger a recurrence of kidney stones.
  • Not a bit too consuming foods that contain protein and fibrous food consuming too little.
  • Has only one kidney which still functions.
  • never experienced a variety of infections associated with kidney urinary tract system aliases.
  • Have a family history of diseased kidney stones.
  • Never had surgery on the digestive system.
  • Always taking supplements that contain calcium.
  • Medications certain classes of antibiotics, aspirin, antacids, antiepileptic drugs, diuretics, and drugs for HIV.

A diagnosis of kidney stones

In diagnosing kidney stones, first, the doctor would try to dig up information in advance of the patients about symptoms that affect them. Usually, doctors also would ask whether patients have had suffered from a kidney stone, had a family history of diseased Kidney stone, a.k.a. whether patients often consuming food aka supplements where can trigger the formation of kidney stones.

After the information is collected, a number of options tests would do to ensure the diagnosis. The test can be an examination of urine, blood, and inspection scanning (like ultrasound, x-rays, CT scans, as well as intravenous urogram/IVU). Examination of urine is made to recognize the presence of a urinary tract infection associated with kidney stones. Not only that, in a sample of urine contains flakes of kidney stones, this test can help the doctor in identifying the types of kidney stones are formed.

As for the inspection of blood, this method is made to help doctors recognize the levels of certain substances that are potentially causing kidney stones, like some sort of calcium levels aka uric acid in the blood. Not only that, blood tests are also made to ascertain whether the kidney patients remain well function alias has been damaged.

The latest is the examination of past images photo with an x-ray, CT scan aka intravenous urogram (IVU). The checks can only be done in the hospital actually has the same objective, namely to ensure the presence and determine the position of kidney stones by means of suitable and carefully.

A suitable analysis would greatly help the physician in determining the handling of alias medicines in accordance with the conditions of the Kidney stone sufferer. To be known now has a CT scan examinations more often made an absolute option by doctors in diagnosing diseases of the kidney stones because the results of a more thorough examination methods compared with other support.

Treatment of kidney stones

Treatment of diseases of the Kidney stone depends on the size of the stone against. When kept in a small, including kidney stones can still be out past the urinary tract without being obliged to do the surgery. Doctors usually recommend that patients would make appropriate treatment measures of prevention, i.e. the deed with a fair amount of water every day. With the teachings of the liquid by means of the more-desirable, small kidney stones can be pushed out by itself.

In the white water, course is considered not enough, doctors would prescribe the drug likely to help launch an expenditure of kidney stones, like a drug inhibitor of Alpha. This drug helps make the muscles relax the ureter so kidney stones can get out without eliciting pain and within a relatively fast.

If the symptoms that the patient has felt pretty disturbing, doctors usually prescribe drug tolerable pain relievers, such as paracetamol, ibuprofen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Reliever medications not only sick, doctors also designate antiemetic drug divide to deal with the symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

Doctors usually would refer a patient to the hospital if a kidney stone disease has led to severe pain. This factor is necessary especially when the patient has other conditions (like being pregnant, vomiting causing dehydration, aged above 60 years old, and only has one kidney). Not only that, the doctors also usually would refer patients to the hospital in severe pain symptoms increase despite drug diberbagi pain relief.

Handling a kidney stone surgery

Handling of kidney stones with new operations would be applied when the stones large-capacity (approx diameter 0.6 centimeter aka more) so clog the patient's urinary tract. This type of handling would depend on the location and size of the stone. Procedures for handling a huge Kidney stone is:
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), procedures for the destruction of kidney stones by using high frequency sound waves (ultrasound). The stone was destroyed so that the serpihan-serpihannya can get out easily.
Ureteroskopi, i.e. the procedure of appointment of kidney stones using a tool called ureteroskop which is incorporated into the ureters pass through the urethra and bladder. The urethra is the latest channel to discharge of urine from the bladder to outside the body of the ... After the rock is known, its location would be destroyed by using other instruments aka laser. Ureteroscopy is usually made to handle stone stuck in the ureter.
Open surgery. In modern times a kind of now, this procedure actually have included rare and only done to carry the kidney stones are very large capacity. True to its name, ripped open made with tutorials make an incision on the surface of the skin on the back of the berkegunaaan as a driveway for the doctor ripped in bringing kidney stones.

Complications of kidney stones

Tibul in people with complications with kidney stones can cause kidney stone function itself aka the impact of therapeutic handling of kidney stones.

The Impact Of Complications Of Kidney Stones

The Rock formed in the kidney has a size that varies, ranging from sand to granules of gravel a.k.a. bigger again. The surface of the stone is also diverse. Various types of kidney stones have a smooth surface, while others have a surface that is not flat. Large capacity stone can irritate the urinary tract to injure when bypassed by the kidney stones. Kidney stones can also get caught in the urinary tract and obstruct the teachings of the urine so the risk of occurrence of infections of the kidney (as pyelonephritis) would increase. An infection in the kidneys could have an impact on the spread of bacteria and other microorganisms into the blood. Not only that, kidney stones can also cause permanent damage to the kidneys.
The Therapeutic Impact Of Complications Of Kidney Stones
The type of therapy and the location would affect the type of Kidney stone complications that arise. A variety of them are
Sepsis. Bacteria and microorganisms that are available in the kidney could pass to the teachings of the blood and cause infections.

  • The symptoms would appear all over the body.
  • Pain
  • Injury to the ureter
  • Impact of operation hemorrhage

Prevention Of Kidney Stones

How to prevent kidney stones are actually quite simple. The first is by drinking plain water to taste each day. Not only can prevent dehydration, drinking fair water can also dilute the urine so You waste substances are filtered from the blood of kidney could not easily settle and routinely wasted way smoothly.


The second precaution is limiting the consumption of food, drink, aka supplements containing substances that could potentially lead to the formation of kidney stones.Like some sort of oxalate, animal protein, and calcium supplements. Not only that, choose foods with a low salt content.


Examples of foods containing oxalate drinks alias is:
  • Nuts, processed soybean products classified
  • Sardines
  • Brown
  • Black tea
  • Sweet
  • Spinach
  • Fruit wine
  • Asparagus
Keep consumption of foods containing calcium, because the body needs calcium to keep bones and teeth. Consult your doctor about nutrition expert of the alias should be filled. Also discuss with a physician beforehand, if You like to consume extra calcium supplements.
Other than by drinking plain water sparingly and limit the intake of certain nutrients, the prevention of kidney stones can also be made with tutorials that taking any medication prescribed by the doctor. This step usually recommended for those who had suffered from kidney stones so that the condition does not relapse. An example is the granting of allopurinol to lower the levels of uric acid in the blood in order to prevent the formation of kidney stones of uric acid, antibiotics to prevent urinary tract infection as a trigger for absolute kidney stones struvite, diuretic drugs for at hypercalciuria disease patients to prevent kidney stones are calcium-lowering drugs, as well as the levels of cystine substance to prevent cystine kidney stones.

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